This post include complete information about Blue Merle Australian Shepherd dog breed and puppies include their health issue by thevetscare.com
Colors of the Aussie
As you may already know, there are many, many colors of the Australian Shepherd. Some more common than others, but all gorgeous and beautiful.
The four basic coat base colors of the Australian Shepherd includes:
- Black Aussie
- Blue Merle Aussie
- Red Aussie
- Red Merle Aussie
Though we’re only going to be covering the blue merle in the article, the others are just as great. Keep in mind that these four colors are the colors officially recognized by the American Kennel Club.For more information, check out the AKC website and click “breed standard.”
There are many other colors for these dogs, such as sable, yellow and other dilute colors. However, they’re extremely rare and aren’t considered completely ethical to breed.
Blue Merle: Things to Consider
So, why get a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd? Whether you have a black-tri, red merle or blue merle Aussie, there really is no difference other than the “cosmetics” or appearance. They’re the same great dogs with fantastic work ethics. They’ll even love you the same as any other Aussie.
However, there are things to consider when debating on whether you want to get a blue merle.
Price of Blue Merles
Merle-colored Aussies, especially the blue merle, are highly sought after. They’re not the most common, but they are in high demand. As a result, you can expect to pay higher prices for these dogs.
In the past, most reputable breeders did not charge extra for color choice. But with a sharp increase in demand for blue merles, many breeders have opted to charge a premium.
For example, in this reddit post, a user is claiming that a “reputable” breeder is charging him more for both merles and tri-colors. As a matter of fact, he claims he would need to pay $800 for a tri-color and $1000 for a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd.
Of course there are other factors, such as lineage and gender. But considering the average price of an Australian Shepherd can be $650 on the low end from a reputable breeder, this is a pretty significant premium.
Health of Blue Merles
In general, Australian Shepherds are relatively healthy dogs. This is especially true if they’re a pure Aussie from a reputable breeder. However, there are health issues that may arise that are much more common with blue merles.
For example, Coloboma is an eye condition that affects the Aussie’s iris. The dog’s iris doesn’t fully develop, so it doesn’t work as well as a normal Aussie eye.
In other words, the eyes of the dog won’t be able to dilate or contract properly. What this means for the blue merle is that they will be very sensitive in bright light, which can cause a lot of long-term discomfort for them.
This gene is not exclusive to merles. Even non-merle Aussies can carry this gene, though not as frequently observed. Always make sure to ask the breeder about eye conditions of the parents and lineage if you want to keep a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd.
Variations of Blue Merle Australian Shepherds
The blue merle is not one specific coat color. Rather, there are four distinct variations of the Blue Merle Aussie. Some are much more common than the others. However, all are beautiful and unique.
1. Solid Blue Merle Aussie
via Instagram: @laketheaustralian
Despite these dogs being classified as “blue merle,” Solid Blue Merle Australian Shepherds are not as common as you think. Their coats have a base color of gray, with black spots or patches. The patches can appear all over the body and can be in many different shapes and sizes.
There should be no other color markings on a solid blue merle, including the popular white and copper/tan markings. In any case, these dogs are great and have an unusual appearance that makes for a good ice breaker or conversation starter.
2. Blue Merle Tri Aussie
The Blue Merle Tri Colored Australian Shepherd is perhaps the most common among the four variations. In my opinion, they’re the most beautiful because they have deep rich contrasts in colors. They may even be my favorite color variation of all time for Aussies.
Again, these Aussies have a base coat of blue merle, which is black patches on a gray/white coat. Though the patches will vary in size and appearance, there is always a gray back.
But what’s unique about the blue merle tri is that they have highlights of white and copper/tan around the muzzle, ears, legs, bottom and chest. As you can imagine, these dogs are elegant and unique – some of the world’s most beautiful dogs.
3. Blue Merle & White Aussie
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The Blue Merle and White Australian Shepherd is a merle variation as marvelous as the blue merle tri color. As a result, they’re considered the second most popular variation among blue merles.
These dogs have the iconic blue merle coat as a base color. However, unlike the tri color, these Aussies do not have the copper and tan markings on the coat. Instead, they only have white markings.
Without the tan markings, they can look a little bit like a Siberian Husky. For that reason, blue merles with white markings are often mistaken for huskies, especially in their puppyhood months.
Despite the lack of contrast on the coat, these dogs are downright jaw-dropping. If you see one, you’ll have a hard time taking your eyes off them.
4. Blue Merle & Tan Aussie
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Although beautiful in their own right, the Blue Merle and Tan Australian Shepherd is not very common. These dogs come in a splendid blue merle (black patches on gray fur) with only tan/copper markings.
It’s a little hard to differentiate between the blue merle/tan versus the blue merle tri color. The color difference between the white markings and gray fur of the blue merle isn’t always obvious.
Still, these dogs are seen from time to time. But if you’re looking specifically for a Blue Merle and Tan Australian Shepherd, you may have a difficult time doing so.
Blue Merle Australian Shepherd Eyes
A Blue Merle Australian Shepherd is much more than a uniquely colored coat. Even their eyes can be special in terms of coloring. Yes, it’s true that most blue merles have solid eye colors.
However, most of these dogs will have specks of colors on their colored eyes. We call this “marble eyes” and they’re amazing to look at.
The solid eye colors of blue merles include either brown or blue. And in some instances, blue merles can have eyes with two different colors (one blue and one brown).
If the base color of the eye is blue, then the are likely to have brown specks. On the other hand, if the base color of the eye is brown, then they are likely to have blue specks.
Though there’s potential for many variations of eye color with the blue merle, most of them will have blue eyes with brown specks.
The Blue Merle Genes
If you ever wondered how they became like this, then you’re not the only one. According to the ASCA, the merle gene determines whether the dog is merle – either red or blue merle. We call this gene an “incomplete dominant.”
For the blue merles that you see, only one copy of this is necessary. When you have two dominant copies, you get what’s called a “double merle,” which will produce a dog that certainly has serious health problems. These issues can range anywhere from eye defects to deafness.
Contrary, two recessive copies will product a non-merle Australian Shepherd. Having one of each is the sweet spot and will produce a merle Aussie.
Blue Merle Aussie: Temperament
Currently, there are no studies that show coat colors of Australian Shepherds affect temperament or personality. There are on-going research studies, but still nothing as of yet.
With that said, the biggest influence on the temperaments of these dogs are in your hands. For instance, Australian Shepherds are hyper active dogs that need to work. Whether it’s obedience training, running, herding or dog sports – they need something to do.
Without proper physical and mental stimulation, these dogs can exhibit destructive behavior. If you don’t want your couch destroyed, make sure you have the time and patience to keep these dogs working.
By providing your Aussie with sufficient socialization, obedience training and exercise, you’ll have a happy and healthy dog. For the most part, they’re quite optimistic and friendly dogs. They’re full of energy and have a lively personality.
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Not only are they highly intelligent dog breeds, but they’re also hard workers. So if you’re able to assign them daily tasks, such as herding, they’ll thrive at their “jobs.”
For potential dog owners that want to lounge around and cuddle with their dog, I do not recommend a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd – or ANY Aussie.
With its unusual markings and piercing blue eyes, i
t’s hard to ignore an Australian shepherd when it prances by you on the street. Learn more about the fluffy dog and its surprising background.
1. AUSTRALIA IS NOT THEIR NATIVE LAND.
The history of the Australian shepherd is borderline mythical, but one thing is for sure: These dogs do not hail from Australia. It’s widely accepted that these dogs most likely have roots in the Basque region of the Pyrenees Mountains. The little countryside is only about 191 square miles, meaning there wasn’t a lot of work for the local herders and their dogs.
According to one version of the tale, these herders came to the United States for work in the late 1800s. Some say they made a pit stop in Australia, while others think the name comes the breed’s affiliation with Basque shepherds that came from Australia. Still, their Basque shepherds bear very little resemblance to the Australian shepherds we know today.
2. IN FACT, THEY’RE DISTINCTLY AMERICAN.
Their origins may be hazy, but the breed was perfected here in the U.S. Herders from countries all around the world made their way to the West Coast with their dogs, leading to a lot of interbreeding. Stockmen would breed these work dogs to be alert, intelligent, agile, and adaptable to different terrains. Little thought went into beauty or standard. The Scotch collie, Border collie, and English shepherd are all believed to have contributed to the Australian shepherd bloodline. Another likely culprit is the Australian koolie, a dog with remarkably similar features to the Australian shepherd, such as a merle coat and bright blue eyes.
3. THE RODEO MADE THEM STARS.
Australian shepherds enjoyed a huge boom of popularity after World War I. As waves of people headed out West, the energetic dogs found more work outside of just herding sheep. Intelligent and easily trained, the dogs were perfect for the rodeo. One particularly popular dog show was the Jay Sisler show. He and his team of trained dogs were featured in the Disney movies Run, Appaloosa, Run and Stub: The Greatest Cowdog in the West. People all over the country were enthralled with the talented pooches—Stubby, Shorty, and Queenie—as they jumped rope, ran through barrels, and performed tricks.
4. THEY’RE EYE-CATCHING.
When people think of Aussies, they normally think of their crystal blue eyes. In fact, some Native American tribes called the breed the ghost eye dog, because of their phantom-like peepers. They were said to be considered sacred and were often avoided.
5. THEIR EYES CAN BE MISMATCHED.
Not all Australian shepherds have blue eyes: they can also be green, amber, hazel or brown, or two different colors. Sometimes, the dogs will have marbled eyes, meaning each of their eyes will be a mix of two or more colors.
6. MOST OF THEM HAVE MERLE COATS.
Of the four registered colors of Aussies, the blue merle is the most recognizable. Breeders attempted to breed the other colors out of the dog, but found that dogs with the double merle gene faced a lot of health problems like blindness. Today, you can find Aussies in many different colors, although only black, red, red merle, and blue merle are accepted by the American Kennel Club.
7. THEY OFTEN HAVE NO TAILS.
When you’re doing hard work like herding, long ears and tails can get in the way. To avoid injury, many workers would dock their dogs’ ears and tails. The tail was somewhat bred out of this breed, as one in five Aussies are born with a naturally bobbed tail. Show dogs are expected to have either docked or naturally docked tails.
8. THERE’S PLENTY OF WORK FOR THEM.
Thanks to their working dog background, Aussies are well-equipped for a number of different jobs. Besides herding and performing tricks, the canines also make great search and rescue dogs, as well as therapy dogs.
9. THEY MIGHT HERD YOUR CHILDREN.
Aussies are very loving companions, but they need to stay active. Without proper stimulation, they may grow bored and restless. Left alone, their natural instincts might kick in, leading to them to start herding other things in your house. (Watch out for your children getting bunched in an orderly herd and pushed into a fenced area.)
10. THEY’RE POPULAR.
According to the AKC, this unique dog is the 18th most popular breed in the United States. That puts them ahead of Chihuahuas, Pomeranians, and Cavalier King Charles spaniels.