Medicines

10 Medications for Dog Anxiety

Alprazolam (Xanax) Amitriptyline. Buspirone. Clomipramine (Clomicalm) Dexmedetomidine (Sileo) Diazepam (Valium) Fluoxetine (Reconcile or Prozac) Lorazepam (Ativan) Reviewed for accuracy on July 17, 2019, by Dr. Jennifer Coates, DVM Dogs can suffer from different types of anxiety, some of which can be truly debilitating. As pet parents, we want to help, but we’re faced with many …

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AMPHENICOLS

(Chloramphenicol, Florfenicol) Class: Bacteriostatic, Broad Spectrum Mechanism: Bind to the 50S ribosome Indications: Upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, enteritis, and bacterial conjunctivitis. Side effects: Cause multiple genetic effects i.e. Aplastic anaemia, Bone marrow dysfunction, blood dyscrasias (imbalance of four body fluids i.e. blood, bile, lymph and phlegm). Notes: Amphenicol are very stable and …

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Tetracyclines

(Oxytetracycline, Doxycycline) Class: Bacteriostatic, Broad Spectrum Mechanism: Reversibly bind to the 30S ribosome Indications: Infections caused by tetracycline-sensitive strains; anaplasmosis, often ineffective for endocarditis, empyema, meningitis, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. Antagonists: Antacids, milk, diuretics, methoxyflurane, penicillins, ferrous sulfate. Side effects: Causes nephrotoxicity when administered at high Recommended Doses, Calcium Chelation is the major side effect. …

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Aminoglycosides

(Gentamicin, Kanamicin, Amikacin, Streptomycin, Neomycin) Class: Bacteriocidal, Broad Spectrum Mechansim: Irreversibly bind to the 30S ribosome Indications: Infections caused by susceptible pathogens, pneuomonias, urinary tract infections, endometritis, and septicemias that are resistant to other antibiotics. Antagonists: Amphotericin B, Cephalosporins produce nephrotoxicity. Side effects: Intestinal flora may be disrupted, diarrhea may occur. Other includes intramuscular blockage …

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Cephalosporins

Class: Bactericidal, Differ in Generations Mechanism: Cell wall inhibition Indications: Very effective for respiratory diseases, Skin diseases and most of bacteria including beta-lactamase producing strains. Also used in Urinary Tract infections, Soft tissues and Bones. Antagonists: Gentamycin Precaution: Doses should be reduced in liver affected animals. Poorly absorbed from GIT. Notes: First generation has strongest …

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macrolides

MACROLIDES

(Tylosin, Erythromycin,Tilmicosin) Class: Bacteriostatic, Narrow Spectrum Mechanism: Binding to the 50S ribosomal RNA and inhibit translocation of the peptidyl tRNA Indications: URT infections, mastitis, metritis, and foot rot caused by microorganism susceptible to macrolides. Side effects: Include diarrhea, vomiting and anorexia in small animals after oral administration. IM injection is painful. Notes: Can’t be used …

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Broad Spectrum Pencillins

1. Amoxicillin Indications: Good Results in GIT and Skin diseases. Antagonist: Tetracyclines, Chloramphenicol, Erythromycin, and Cephaloridine. Notes: From GI tract absorbed better than ampicillin Horses: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid                                            Ruminants: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid Trade name Composition Packing Company Clamoxyl LA 15% 150 mg/ml 50 & 100 ml Pfizer Farmox LA 150 mg/ml 50 & 100 ml …

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ANTIBIOTICS

A) Pencillins Class: Bactericidal Mechanism: Cell wall inhibition Indications: infections caused by any Gram Positive Bacteria and penicillin sensitive organism: Skin Infections, Bacterial pneumonia, URT, Strangles, Blackleg and Urinary tract infections (at higher Doses). Synergism: Aminoglycosides Antagonists: Tetracyclines, Chloramphenicol and Paromomycin. Notes: It can cause Allergy, vomiting, diarrhea (or Enteritis if administered orally). Adrenaline must …

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