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Mexican Hairless Dog – Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed Complete Info – 10 things you should know

This post include on query Mexican Hairless Dog which is also known as Xoloitzcuintli here is everything you should know about Xoloitzcuintli including fun facts by

Intelligent, even-tempered, affectionate, and playful, the Xoloitzcuintli is better known as the Mexican hairless. This house pet, primarily suited for warm climates, needs only moderate exercise. Xoloitzcuintli At a glance

The Mexican hairless needs sunscreen applied when it is exposed to the sun.

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Learn All About the Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless Dog)

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  • Characteristics
  • Breed History
  • Training and Care
  • Allergy
  • Common Health Problems
  • Diet and Nutrition
  • Where to Adopt or Buy
  • Further Research

The Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced show-low-eats-QUEENT-lee) is sometimes called by its Americanized name, the Mexican Hairless Dog. The breed name is also sometimes spelled Xoloitzcuintle. The Xolo (show-low), as it’s affectionately known, comes in three sizes: standard, miniature and toy. Although the hairless variety is the best known, the Xolo also comes in a coated variety.

Coated Xoloitzcuintli sport a short, smooth coat that covers the entire body. Hairless Xolos are completely bare-skinned, although they sometimes sprout a few tufts of hair on the top of the head, on the feet and on the last third of the tail. Although breeders might focus on one size or coat variety, all three sizes and the two different coat types can pop up in the same litter. 

The Xoloitzcuintli is what is known as primitive breed—basically, a very old breed that retains semi “wild” characteristics. This means they require extensive socialization and training in early puppyhood and throughout their lives to counteract shyness or fear. It’s important to note that wariness of strangers is a hallmark of the breed—they make excellent watch dogs and will alert you to any strange happenings in and around your home.

This breed does best when given clear boundaries and a consistent routine. These loyal dogs bond very tightly with their family members. They are somewhat needy emotionally, in that they want and need a lot of interaction with their people.

Without it, they can become demanding and even destructive in the home. But the Xolo is so charming and engaging, it’s easy to give them the attention they so desire. They usually get along well with respectful family children, other dogs and can even peacefully coexist with the family cat if raised together. 

Dog care first day of dog at home ?

Breed Overview

Group: Non-Sporting

Weight: Standard: 30 to 55 pounds; Miniature: 15 to 30 pounds; Toy: 10 to 15 pounds

Height: Standard: 18 to 23 inches tall at the shoulder; Miniature: 14 to 18 inches; Toy: 10 to 14 inches

Coat: Hairless: A small amount of short, coarse hair may appear on the top of the head, the feet, and the end of the tail. Coated: Short, smooth and close-fitting coat

Color: A range of dark colors, including black, gray black, slate, red, liver (brown) or bronze

Life Expectancy: 14 to 17 years

Characteristics of the Xolo

Affection LevelMedium
Exercise NeedsMedium
Energy LevelMedium
Tendency to BarkMedium
Amount of SheddingLow

History of the Xolo

The Xoloitzcuintli is an ancient breed that traces its roots back to the time of the Aztecs, making the breed at least 3,500 years old. According to the Xoloitzcuintli Club of American, the breed name is a combination of the name of the dog god Xolotl and the Aztec word Itzcuintli, which means dog. The Xolo is the national dog of Mexico.

The Xoloitzcuintli is recognized by the American Kennel Club, the United Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club, the Mexican Kennel Club and the international kennel club Fédération Cynologique International.

In ancient Mexico, the Xoloitzcuintli was sacred. The dogs were frequently sacrificed and placed in the graves of their recently deceased owners because they were thought to help safely guide their owners’ souls into the land of the dead. They were also thought to cure various health conditions. Although rare, the Xolo is slowly finding its way into pop culture. The 2017 Disney animated film Coco features an adorable, scene-stealing Xoloitzcuintli named Dante. 

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Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless Dog) Care

The Xoloitzcuintli is a wash-and-wear dog. The coated variety requires occasionally baths and minimal brushing (the hairless variety needs no brushing). The hairless variety does need frequent baths to remove oily buildup on the skin, followed by a moisturizing lotion rubbed all over the skin. Some Mexican Hairless might need a pet-safe sunscreen.

If you’re wondering what the skin of the hairless variety feels like, it’s not soft or silky. Described as a hide, the skin is in fact thick, tough and protective. In adolescence (typically the during the dog’s first year), acne (skin break outs) and cradle cap (waxy buildup on the skin) is common as the skin goes through a transition. Extra skin care may be required during this time to minimize these issues. Your breeder can coach you through proper skin care until the skin matures. 

The Xoloitzcuintli is active and agile. They are generally calm indoors as long as they get enough exercise in the form of daily walks and romps in the backyard. Intelligent and sensitive, Xolos are easy to train as long as you use positive methods and don’t overwhelm them. Socialization is extremely important for this breed, which can be wary and cautious of strangers. Start socializing early in puppyhood, and continue throughout the life of the dog. 

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Is the Xoloitzcuintli Hypoallergenic?

You might think that with no hair, the Xolo is hypoallergenic. Although it’s true that the breed might be good for some allergy sufferers, it depends on whether the individual is sensitive to dog hair or dog dander (dried saliva and material shed from an animal’s skin). The Xolo lacks hair, but has plenty of dander. It’s best for allergy sufferers to spent lots of time with adult Xolos (preferably in a home where Xolos live) in order to determine if they react to them or not. That said, in general, the Xolo is one of the breeds considered good for people who suffer from dog allergies. 

Common Health Problems

The Xoloitzcuintli is quite healthy. Some hairless Xolos may not have a full set of teeth (something that is likely correlated to the gene that causes hairlessness), but this does not usually cause any problems for the dog. Responsible breeders perform standard tests on their Xolos before breeding them, including screening for hip dysplasia and patella luxation, as well as heart and eye diseases. 

Diet and Nutrition

Some Xoloitzcuintli are prone to becoming overweight. Feed your Xolo a high-quality dog food and measure out regular meals with a measuring cup or scale to avoid overfeeding. Free feeding (leaving food out all day), can lead to weight gain. Overweight dogs may experience joint issues hip and other health conditions like diabetes. Ask your breeder or veterinarian to recommend the best food for your Xolo.Top Dog Breeds for Those Allergic to Dogs Pros

  • Does not shed
  • Bonds strongly with family 
  • Excellent watchdog


  • Requires regular skin care
  • Can be wary of strangers
  • Require extensive socialization and training

The Xoloitzcuintli — what a name. It’s pronounced “show-low-eetz-kweent-lee.” Or take the easy way out and just call him the “show-low.” He’s also known as the Mexican Hairless.

The Xolo once served as a prophet and guide to the underworld, but these days he is best known for being a calm and watchful companion. Sweet and affectionate, he bonds strongly to his family and likes to be physically close to them.

Besides his bare-naked body, the Xolo is distinguished by a lean, smooth head; a wrinkled brow; large, thin-skinned ears that stand erect; thick but satiny skin; and a jaunty but low-set tail that wags behind the Xolo but not over his back. He can be black, grayish black, slate gray, red, liver, or bronze. Some have white spots and markings, but a dark, uniform color is preferred.

A Xolo needs a moderate amount of daily exercise, such as a 20- or 30-minute walk or active play in a fenced yard. If you’re interested in dog sports, he will be good at agility, obedience, and rally.

Remember that the hairless Xolo is sensitive to sun, so don’t leave him outdoors for long periods during the day and apply a dog-safe sunscreen to his body before walking him. Or, if you can exercise him early in the morning or in the evening, even better.

A people-loving and delicate-skinned dog, the Xoloitzcuintli needs to live in the house. Make sure he has soft bedding to cushion his streamlined body and think of him as your own living bed warmer during winter. He is sensitive to temperature extremes and may need to wear a sweater in cold weather or have access to air-conditioning in hot weather.

Bathe your Xolo weekly in order to keep his skin clean and healthy and to help prevent acne. You may also need to apply oil or moisturizer to help keep his skin supple. Your dog’s breeder also advise you on grooming needs.

The Xoloitzcuintli should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity.


Weight Range:

Male: 10-30 lbs.
Female: 10-25 lbs.

Height at Withers:

Male: 17 in.

Female: 15 in.


Upright ears (naturally)


Exercise Requirements: <20 minutes/day
Energy Level: Average
Longevity Range: 10-12 yrs.
Tendency to Drool: Low Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Bark: Moderate
Tendency to Dig: Low Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Bred For:

Hunting, warming


Length: Hairless/Short
Characteristics: Flat
Colors: Dark solid charcoal, slate, reddish gray, liver, bronze, pink or coffee colored spots
Overall Grooming Needs: High

Club Recognition:

UKC Classification: Companion Dog
Prevalence: Rare

There are two sizes of Mexican hairless — one is from about 12 to 20 inches in height and the smaller, miniature variety is under 12 inches.

The larger sized Mexican hairless can weigh up to about 30 or 35 pounds (13 to 16 kilograms).

When people in the United States refer to the Mexican hairless, they generally mean the miniature-sized Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced “sho-low-eets-queen-tlee”). But the Federacion Canofila Mexicana, A.C., the Mexican registry for all pets, considers both sized dogs Xoloitzcuintli or Mexican hairless, and differentiates them as either standard or miniature in size.

The Mexican hairless has a compact head with alert, upright bat ears. His snout is longer than his skull. His chest is considered deep and his stomach is muscular and lifted. His back is straight and ends in a rounded rump. His tail is long and thin. The dog’s feet are like those of a hare.

Other than a tuft of coarse hair on its skull, the Mexican hairless is indeed hairless. Consequently, the dog does not shed. His skin is soft, smooth and warm to the touch. These dogs are gray, gray-black or dark bronze, and some have pink or brown spots.

Unlike other dogs, the Mexican hairless sweats through the skin, including under its arms, and seldom pants after physical exertion. This dog also may lack a full set of teeth, although most have their front teeth and molars.

The life expectancy is about 10 to 12 years.


The Mexican hairless is considered intelligent, even-tempered, affectionate and playful. The dog is also protective and will bark at intruders.

Some Mexican hairless dogs tremble easily, which could be related to nervousness or lack of warmth.

Because of the dog’s smaller size, particularly the miniature variety, it may not do well with children who want to rough-and-tumble.

Living With:

The Mexican hairless is a house pet best suited to warm climates. It can withstand brief walks in cool weather if protected with a sweater or coat.

When exposed to the sun, sunscreen should be applied to protect his skin. Some Mexican hairless breeders advise routine bathing followed by application of a non-oily lotion to keep the skin from becoming dry.

He has moderate exercise requirements; romping around the house and short walks should suffice.

The Mexican hairless usually can eat regular dog food, even though a full set of teeth may be lacking.


The Xoloitzcuintli is a rare and ancient breed and is sometimes mistakenly confused with the Chinese crested, another hairless dog. Except for the hairlessness, however, the two breeds are quite distinct.

According to some sources, the Mexican hairless was brought across the Bering Strait with the first people who came from Asia to populate the American continent.

However, skulls of dogs resembling the Mexican hairless and dating back 3,300 years have been found in Mexico. This raises the possibility that the Chinese may have gotten their hairless dogs from Mexico and that the Mexican hairless did, indeed, originate on the American continent. In fact, some speculate that the Chinese crested may have originated by crossing the Mexican hairless with the Chihuahua.

Mexican hairless dogs were used by ancient people for a variety of purposes including companionship, hunting and protection. The dogs also were believed to have curative powers for ailments such as arthritis. In fact, they give off more body heat than coated dogs and make perfect hot water bottles. Today, they are companion dogs.