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Sun Conures – Parrot profile – 10 Things you need to know

This post include on query Sun Conures and everything you should know about Sun Conures if you are thinking about buying Sun Conures by

Sun Conures are among the most popular pet bird species and have been for many years. There are several reasons for this, not limited to the fact that they are arguably the most vividly colored and beautiful Sun Conure species.

Sun Conures

While most people are initially attracted to Sun Conures for their stunning looks, those who fall in love with the species do so due to its many other endearing characteristics. Take a look at some of the facts listed below to learn more about Sun Conures and what it’s like to keep them as pets.


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Sun Conures by

Coming in at around 12 inches in length from the beak to the end of the tailfeathers, the Sun Conure is a ​medium-sized bird with a nicely proportioned figure, healthy birds being neither slim nor stout in profile. They have a classic parrot look to them without the size and bulk of larger birds like Macaws or Cockatoos, making them very appealing to those who are drawn to the look of more exotic bird species but don’t have the room to house and care for a very large bird. 02 of 05

They Are Loud

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Sun Conures by

One thing that potential Sun Conure owners should realize is that these birds are extremely loud, and are not a good choice for those who live in apartments. They possess an ear-piercing scream that they will emit throughout the day, more notably at sunrise and sunset. Their contact call can carry for miles and helps them locate each other in the wild while out foraging for food during the day. In captivity, however, this level of noise can cause problems for those who live in close proximity to their neighbors. 03 of 05


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Sun Conures by

Adopting a Sun Conure is no small commitment—with proper care, these birds can have a lifespan of up to 30 years in captivity. Before you decide to take the plunge and bring a Sun Conure home, make sure that you are willing and able to commit to caring for your bird for at least this amount of time.

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All too often, unprepared people adopt these sorts of birds and then decide that they aren’t willing to care for them for as long as they will live, and this results in many homeless parrots. Don’t let your bird become a statistic. 04 of 05

They Can Learn to Talk

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Sun Conures by

While it’s certainly not the case for all Sun Conures, some individual birds have learned to talk quite successfully, and have been able to amass a vocabulary of a few dozen words. In general, though, it’s not reasonable to expect a Sun Conure to develop the talking prowess of other types of parrots like Amazons and Macaws.

More often than not, Sun Conures tend to prefer to mimic other types of sounds, such as whistles, microwaves, doorbells, and telephones. Some Sun Conures never mimic any sounds at all and prefer to stick to the normal range of vocalizations for their species. 05 of 05

They Have Vivid Colors

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Sun Conures by

While their colors are somewhat similar to the equally popular Jenday Conure when they are juveniles, Sun Conures are widely regarded as the most colorful of all the Conure species. This is because a mature Sun Conure sports plumage in a variety of shades of red, yellow, green, orange, blue, and in some birds, tones of violet.

Another distinctive feature of the Sun Conure is the bare white patches of skin around the eyes, known as “eye rings.” These patches are similar to the bare patches commonly noted in Macaw species and are seen by many as an attractive feature for a parrot to have.

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The sun conure is one of the more popular conures of its size due to its stunning plumage, its extraordinary disposition, and its exceptional quality as a companion bird. Sun conures are lively, vocal, and expressive; this is a bird best known for its beauty and its big mouth. The sun conure is approximately 12 inches long, and is most recognizable by its bright orange and yellow coloring, often mottled here and there with splotches of green.

Brilliantly colorful, intelligent, friendly, and loaded with personality, the sun conure has long been popular among families fond of companion birds. But owners should be prepared; this bird one of the loudest of all the medium-sized parrots. They are not a good starter bird since they require a lot of consistent training, daily interaction, and constant socialization to keep them tame and well-behaved.

Species Overview

Common Names: Sun conure, sun parakeet

Scientific Name: Aratinga solstitialis

Adult Size: 12 inches

Life Expectancy: 25 to 30 years


  • Social, affectionate, and cuddly
  • Intelligent, can be taught tricks
  • One of the most vibrantly colored birds


  • Noisy, not well-suited for apartments or close neighbors
  • Not known for its talking ability
  • Can get nippy around children if provoked

Where to Adopt or Buy a Sun Conure

If you plan to buy a sun conure, make sure it is captive-bred certified. These birds can cost about $500 to $700.

Origin and History

The sun conure is native to northeastern South America, including Venezuela, northern Brazil, and Guyana. Found mostly in inland tropical habitats, the sun conure also may inhabit dry savanna woodlands and coastal forests. They usually inhabit fruiting trees and palm groves.

The population of this currently endangered bird is dwindling rapidly due to loss of habitat and trapping for the pet trade. Roughly 800,000 are trapped each year, despite the U.S. import ban of 1992 and European Union ban in 2007.


The sun conure is a playful, amusing bird that enjoys athletic tricks. These birds are smart, interactive, and easily trained. In general, it is a very affectionate and cuddly bird that is gentle to all members of the family as long as it’s treated well. The bird is not without assertiveness, though; it can turn aggressive suddenly if provoked.

This parrot can go through nippy phases that can be hard on children as well as on adults. Even the tamest pet bird can get startled and bite. This is not a true reflection of its personality; it’s a natural reaction.

Like all parrots, sun conures are social birds that need a considerable amount of interaction with their human owners to be happy. They are naturally playful and affectionate when they get the attention they need, making them uniquely suited for those who want a bird for steady companionship.

Keep in mind that the sun conure is extremely loud, capable of emitting ear-piercing screams. Its loud, shrill call is used in the wild to bring attention to important situations from miles away. Likewise, this bird can stand in as an excellent version of a watchdog for your home.

Speech and Vocalizations

In captivity, this bird’s loud, harsh calls may elicit return calls from angry neighbors. This bird is not suitable for apartment or condo dwellers. You can’t expect to “train away” their calls, but you can train them from early on to curb excessive screaming. They do express excitement and fear with shrill screams. Conures are not shy birds and will let you know vocally if they are bored or if their needs are neglected.

Sun conures are not known for their talking ability, but some birds demonstrate an uncanny ability to mimic other types of sounds, such as doorbells, microwave buzzers, and telephone chimes.How to Teach Your Bird to Talk

Sun Conure Colors and Markings

At maturity, a sun conure is bright orange and yellow with traces of green and blue. Juvenile sun conures are not nearly as colorful as adults—this is a natural defense mechanism. The first feathers are olive green in color, changing to a mixture of yellowish-orange at around 6 months of age. Full-color plumage occurs at approximately 1 year of age. Sun conures have black beaks and feet and characteristic white patches around each eye. The sexes are identical in color and markings. To determine sex, your bird would require genetic testing or a surgical sexing procedure.

Caring for a Sun Conure

The sun conure is an active bird that will be happiest in a roomy enclosure. At a minimum, give it a cage that is 20 inches by 20 inches in footprint with a height of at least 36 inches. Make sure the cage has relatively narrow bar spacing (3/4 to one inch) to prevent the bird from getting its head stuck between the bars.

As is true of most other parrot species, the sun conure needs safe out-of-cage areas to explore and investigate. This athletic bird loves to create its own tricks. Provide it a play gym on top of its cage so it can stretch its legs and wings.

Like most pet birds, sun conures require training if you want to have a positive and fun relationship with them. Use positive reinforcement techniques to train this parrot to do several athletic tricks. This bird will not respond well to scolding or any kind of negative reinforcement.

Sun conures are less excited about bathing than some parrots, but most will splash about and bathe daily if the cage has a bowl of clean water each day. Conures do not like spray showers as much as some other parrots do.8 Top Brightly Colored Pet Birds

Common Health Problems

Like other conures and parrots, the sun conure can be prone to feather picking. Although this may be caused by medical reasons, more often than not, this is a sign that the bird is bored or is not receiving the attention it needs.

Conures are also prone to avian viral conditions like proventricular dilatation disease and psittacine beak and feather disease. They can also be affected by psittacosis bacterial infection, beak malocclusion (beak overbite), and aspergillosis fungal infection. If you suspect your bird is ill, you will need an avian veterinarian or exotics specialist to check out your bird. You should plan on having annual exams with this specialized vet.

Diet and Nutrition

In the wild, sun conures primarily feast on fruit, nuts, and seeds. In captivity, they do best on a formulated, balanced pellet diet supplemented with fruits, leafy greens, and root vegetables. Slightly steamed sweet potatoes are an excellent food for your pet conure.

You can give them an unlimited amount of pellet food; they will only eat what they need. As for fresh fruits and veggies, offer about a 1/8 to 1/4 cup in the morning and at night.

Like other companion birds, a sun conure needs and appreciates treats, so make healthy choices for treats. Nuts and seeds are always a good choice for an occasional treat. Walnuts and almonds are excellent selections. If you would like to make feeding your feathered companion easier, try making a grain bake casserole dish. It freezes well for a healthy, portioned meal for your bird.

The sun conure has a black beak, white rings around its eyes, and a long, tapering tail. The sunny’s striking coloration and sweet temperament makes it a favorite among pet owners and a darling with experienced aviculturists because it is easily bred. Immature birds do not reach their full coloration for about two years. Though the coloration between the sexes is very similar, the males are said to be slightly brighter. Males are also said to have a squarer, flatter head and females a rounder, smaller head, though only experienced breeders are good at eyeing the birds and making an educated guess. Certainly there’s no difference in pet quality.

Native Region / Natural Habitat

The sun conure is native to South America, specifically Venezuela, Northern Brazil and Guyana.

Care & Feeding

The sun conure is no messier than smaller birds and loves to be outside of the cage for playtime. A sunny will revel in its owner’s attentions and isn’t a bird that enjoys being left alone. It will appreciate another sun conure as a “comrade” and will not lose its pet quality if the owners are attentive to both birds. Because it’s in the Aratinga family, it can be paired with a jenday, mitred, nanday, gold-capped, blue crowned, or another Aratinga, but not for breeding purposes. These birds should be exclusively platonic pals. Some breeders create “Sundays” or “Jensuns” but this is not recommended because hybridization taints the already limited gene pool.

A sun conure should be offered a nutritionally balanced manufactured diet, as well as a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. Conures have busy beaks, which makes Lafeber foods a conure favorite. Lafeber’s Avi-Cakes, Pellet-Berries and Nutri-Berries offer balanced nutrition that appeals to a conure’s chewing needs.

A sun conure can live between 15 to 25 years with proper nutrition, exercise, and regular veterinary visits. Breeding females or pets laying eggs without a mate are prone to egg binding and calcium deficiency. Sun conures that are confined to a small cage are prone to becoming overweight as well.